The text describes statistical inference as making "accurate decisions about
parameters from statistics." (Kozak, 2014, p. 202); in other words, drawing conclusions
about populations based on samples. Statistical methods are vital tool in the conduct of
research, but only if they are used in a manner that accurately and honestly depicts the
information that the research may reveal (or NOT reveal). Ethical considerations also
play a major role in proper conduct of statistical research.
Many professional organizations publish ethical guidelines about the use of statistics
and research, which have particular relevance for their fields and
professions. The ethical guidelines below are from the American Statistical Association
(ASA) and are more general to the use of statistics:
American Statistical Association (April 2016). Ethical guidelines for statistical
practice. Report prepared by the Committee on Professional Ethics of the American
Statistical Association, Alexandria, VA. Retrieved
For this discussion, please answer the following two questions. In your chosen field:
Why is it important that statistical research follow ethical guidelines?
What are some potential consequences of not following ethical statistical practice
in your field of study (i.e., results used improperly, etc.)?
Kozak, K. (2014). Statistics using technology. Retrieved from https://s3-us-west-