Your task here is to analyze how Butler uses narrative techniques to respond to contemporary political, cultural, and societal issues.
This is about walking that familiar/unfamiliar line, which sf is designed to do. These writers craft their worlds to reflect the problems of the day. Your job is to determine how they do that on the page by way of technique.
Research some social issue, movement, or historical event that the text engages with. The text need not overtly refer to this thing, but it should be something that you think the text engages with or raises questions about. I suggest checking out at least 3 secondary sources, even if you don’t use them all in your analysis.
Examine how the author designed the text to engage this social issue/movement/historical event. Close analysis of craft is still important here, so you should be thinking about how technique brings these issues to the forefront, things like conventions of utopic or dystopic genre, worldbuilding and scene-setting, characterization, evocative language, imagery, satire and exaggeration, narrative structure, etc.