This essay will respond to the following question:
Some experts argue that space involves an unusually high degree of international cooperation. Others point to the heavy dependence of modern militaries on space, and China’s exclusion from the International Space Station, as evidence of competition and potential conflict. Who is right, and why?
I would like the writer to argue for the latter side – that there is evidence of potential conflict and competition in space.
Furthermore, I would like the following five sources to be incroporated:
1. Raghu Karnad and Anmol Tikoo, “The Clear Night Sky Over India and China’s Hostile Border,” The New Yorker, September 19, 2020, available at: https://www.newyorker.com/news/dispatch/the-clear-night-sky-over-india-and-chinas-hostile-border
2. Daniel Deudney, Dark Skies: Space Expansionism, Planetary Geopolitics, and the Ends of Humanity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020), Chapter 2
3. Jacob A. Reed, “Cold War Treaties in a New World: The Inevitable End of the Outer Space and Antarctic Treaty Systems,” (2017) 42(4/5) Air & Space Law 463–486
4. Joan Johnson-Freese, “Build on the Outer Space Treaty,” (12 October 2017) 550(12) Nature 182-184
5. Fraser MacDonald, “Anti-Astropolitik—outer space and the orbit of geography,” (2007) 31(5) Progress in human geography 592-615